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Alignment in academic regulations

Alignment involves creating close correlation between the qualification profile, course objectives, academic objectives, teaching activities and forms of examination of the degree programme concerned. The aim is to increase the validity of the exams, and consequently of the student’s learning process and competence development. 

Alignment in the academic regulations requires correlation between the following areas of concern:

  • The qualification framework for programmes of higher education
  • Learning outcomes
  • The academic objectives
  • The forms of teaching and working methods
  • The forms of examination    

The principle of alignment

The principle of alignment is central to the development of academic regulations internationally, nationally and at the Faculty of Arts. This is because students have managed to pass exams far too frequently in the past without taking part in the teaching, and without achieving a sound academic understanding.

Alignment helps to support the development of student competences in relation to the academic objectives and participation in the teaching, because the students tend to focus on the aspects of the course by which they will be assessed at the exam.    

Legal requirement for alignment

Alignment is not just a didactic advantage but also a mandatory legal requirement, as revealed by the following extracts from ministerial orders:

There must be close correlation between the qualification framework and the qualification profile:

  • The Accreditation Order explains that:

"The objectives in terms of learning outcomes are assessed in relation to the type descriptions of each degree programme, as stated in the qualification framework for higher education."

There must be close correlation between the form of teaching and the form of examination:

  • The Examination Order explains that:

"Degree programmes must include a variety of forms of examination reflecting the content of the teaching and the working methods.

There must be close correlation between the form of examination and the course objectives:

  • The Examination Order explains that:

"Assessment of the student’s performance must be based on the academic objectives that have been identified for the course, course element or programme element in question."

These extracts from ministerial orders reveal that there must be close correlation between the qualification framework, the degree programme’s qualification profile, and the content, working methods, academic objectives and form of examination of the courses involved. In other words, there must be alignment between all the components of the academic regulations.